Theory of Justice
Posted April 18, 2009on:
Justice as fairness said by the author begins. He said with one of the most general of all choices which person might make together. Our social situation is just if it is such that by this sequence of hypothetical agreements we would have contracted into the general system of rules which defines it.
He also said that in working out the conception of justice as fairness one main task clearly is to determine which principles of justice would be chosen in the original position. One feature of justice as fairness is to think of the parties in the initial situation as rational and mutually disinterested.
The author said also that justice as fairness is not a complete contract theory. Obviously if justice as fairness succeeds reasonably well, a next step would be to study the more general view suggested by the name rightness as fairness.
John Rawls mentioned about two principles of justice. First, he said that each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others. Second, social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both reasonably expected to be to everyone’s advantage and attached to positions an offices open to all.