Posted April 18, 2009on:
The author mentioned something about, good will. It is said that it is impossible to conceive anything at all in the world, or even out of it, which can be taken as good without qualification, except a good will. Intelligence, wit, judgement and any other talents of the mind we may care to name of courage, resolution and constancy of purpose, as qualities of temperament are without a doubt good and desirable in many respects.
A good will said to be not good because of what is effects or accomplishes because of its fitness for attaining some proposed end. Also, it was stated that, the moral worth of an action does not depend on the result expected from it and so too does not depend on any principle of action that needs to borrow its motive from this expected result.
This chapter mentioned also that if all imperatives of duty can be derived from this one imperative as their principle, then even although we leave it unsettled whether what we call duty may not be an empty concept, we shall still be able to show at least what we understand by ti and what the concept means.
The author pointed out also that the will is conceived as a power of determining oneself to action in accordance with the idea of certain laws. He also mentioned something about the practical imperative will therefore be as follows: Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means but always at the same time as an end.